There are more than 3,500 archaeological sites in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. Some of them are significant in terms of tourism, such as the citadels of Erbil, Khanzaf, Dere, Sartika, Akre, Amedi, Rwandiz, Sherwana, Barzinja and others. Other points of interest include engravings at Qisqapan, Khinis, Halamtan, as well as some engraved skeletons in Harir, Belola Darband, Gawir Darband, Mirqolyand and more.
Other historic sites in Kuridstan include Shandar cave, where nine Neanderthal skeletons, dating back to 60 thousand B.C., have been found. There is also Chwar Astoon cave, which was the site of a Zardasht temple. Engravings can been found in several caves including Gundik, Bastoon Cave and Hawdyian, Chami Razan, Hazar Merd and Zarzi - where many other arcaeological remains have also been found. Heritage pieces in their hundreds can be studied and admired at the museums in the main cities of Erbil, Duhok and Sulaimani.
Agricultural life in Kurdistan started arounf 10 thousand B.C. in the village of Zawia and in 7 thousand B.C. in Charmo. Interested tourists can also see many ancient artifacts from these periods.