Safed from Tel Aviv or Jerusalem w/transportation
SAFED (Heb. צְפָת), principal town of Upper Galilee, situated on a mountain 850 m. high, 48 km. east of Acre, 40 km. North of Tiberias. Not mentioned in the Bible, Safed has sometimes been identified with Sepph , the city fortified by Josephus in the Upper Galilee at the time of an expected Roman attack in 66 CE (Wars, 2:573) In the Jerusalem Talmud (RH 2:1, 58a) Safed is mentioned as one of the mountaintop points from which fire signals were given to announce the New Moon and festivals during the Second Temple period. Two liturgical poems for the Ninth of Av by Eleazar *Kallir, Eikhah Yashevah and Zekhor Eikhah, refer to Safed as a place where priestly families (Jakim and Pashhur) settled after the destruction of the Temple. The name is repeated in the various kerovot (hymns recited before the Amidah) by poets who wrote in the sixth, seventh, and eighth centuries.