Which means Augusta Family. Very rich Venetian Family. That's how this historical city got its name from. It was a small fishing town in old days which was under the shadow of the capital Salamis during the Roman time called Arsinoe.
Famagusta was the island's most important port city, and a gateway to trade with the ports of the Levant, from where the Silk Road merchants carried their goods to Western Europe.
In the walled city of Famagusta, wherever you turn and touch, you would come face to face with history.
Ghosts will haunt you in Varosha if you had a chance to go in. It was a suburb of Famagusta. Before 1974, it used to be considered as the "Riviera of Mediterranean". Since the division, it's all abounded. But, you can still enjoy the lovely Palm Beach. Whilst you absorbing vitamin E under the beautiful sun, you watch over the buildings where once rich and famous use to sit on its balconies.
Settlement goes back 7th century B.C. According to mythology, Teucros the son of King Telamon of Salamis Island and Hesione, was the legendary founder of the city of Salamis in Cyprus. He fought alongside his half-brother, Ajax, in the Trojan War. Ajax committed suicide during the war. Father Telamon told Teucros not to come back because he couldn't take care of his brother. He sailed off looking for a place to settle. He ended of in heaven where beautiful Mediterranean Sea meets the finest golden sand. And called the place after his birth island called "Salamis".
During the Roman period got it's fame and became the capital of Cyprus. Romans were great architects.
Famous Roman baths, designed by Sergius Orata. Orata was also credited by Vitruvius with the invention of the hypocaust (underfloor heating) which still used by Spa System today.
Antique Theatre is the biggest one on Cypriot soil. Original capacity was 15.000.
Still in use for the world famous Famagusta International Art & Culture Festival which takes place every year in summer.
Ancient toilets. They were 44 of them. Known as "The Second Parliament". They used to discuss anything and everything in there.
Only 10 percent has been revealed of the ancient city. 90 percent, still underground. Waiting to be discovered.
St. Barnabas was the first missionary of Christianity in Cyprus. He was originally from Salamis. Unfortunately he was killed by stoning. His legendary thumb is near Salamis. His gospel is very famous. It is one of the evangelist bible. According to the legend, it is the only one left which a lot of people are still after it. People got killed to get the possession of it and still getting killed. They even write a book and made a movie about it. "The Da Vinci Code".
So, if you want to get lost in the history, Famagusta and surrounding is the place to visit.....