Top shore excursions in the busiest cruise ports of Europe in summer 2023 - ATHENS, GREECE

Shore Excursions in Athens: A Cultural Odyssey from Past to Present

Athens is a living testament to the idea that the past and present can harmoniously coexist. While it proudly showcases its archaeological wonders, it also embraces a modern cosmopolitan vibe. You'll discover a city that seamlessly blends ancient ruins with contemporary art, traditional tavernas with trendy rooftop bars, and ancient traditions with forward-thinking innovation. Whether you're an avid history buff, a lover of art and culture, a culinary enthusiast, or simply a curious traveler seeking new experiences, Athens has something to captivate your senses and ignite your imagination.

Ferry boat docked in port of Piraeus, GreeceThe Ferry boat docked in the port of Piraeus, Greece

In this travel article, we will delve into the enchanting city of Athens, exploring its iconic landmarks, vibrant neighborhoods, delectable cuisine, and the warmth of its hospitable locals. Join us as we embark on a journey through the heart and soul of this mesmerizing city, uncovering the secrets and wonders that make Athens a truly unforgettable destination. So, prepare to immerse yourself in the ancient splendor and vibrant spirit of Athens, for within its storied streets lies a captivating blend of history, culture, and a warm Mediterranean embrace that will leave an indelible mark on your travel memories.

Aerial drone photo of famous port and Marina of Zea or Pasalimani in the heart of Piraeus, Attica, GreeceAerial drone photo of the famous port and Marina of Zea or Pasalimani in the heart of Piraeus, Attica, Greece

The History of Athens

The history of Athens is deeply rooted in mythology, legend, and a rich historical narrative. According to ancient Greek mythology, the city's origin can be traced back to a contest between two gods, Athena and Poseidon, for the honor of becoming the city's patron deity.

Legend has it that the king of the gods, Zeus, declared that the god or goddess who presented the most valuable gift to the city would earn the honor. Poseidon, the god of the sea and earthquakes, struck his trident on the ground, causing a saltwater spring to gush forth. However, Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare, offered the city an olive tree, a symbol of peace and prosperity. The citizens of Athens chose Athena's gift, and thus she became the city's patron goddess, and the city was named Athens in her honor.

The history of Athens extends far beyond its mythical origins. Archaeological evidence suggests that the area has been inhabited since the Neolithic period, around 4000 BCE. However, it was during the Mycenaean period (1600-1100 BCE) that Athens began to emerge as a significant settlement. In the 8th century BCE, Athens transitioned from a monarchy to an oligarchy, where power was held by a small group of aristocrats. This period saw the rise of the "polis" or city-state, which would become a defining feature of ancient Greece. It was also during this time that the concept of democracy began to take shape in Athens, with significant political reforms being implemented.


The 5th century BCE, known as the Golden Age of Athens, marked a pinnacle in the city's development. Under the leadership of statesmen like Pericles, Athens experienced a flourishing of arts, philosophy, literature, and architecture. The city became a center of intellectual and cultural innovation, attracting renowned philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. One of the most iconic landmarks of Athens, the Acropolis, was built during this time. The Parthenon, dedicated to the goddess Athena, stands as a magnificent testament to the city's grandeur and architectural prowess. It is a symbol of classical Greek architecture and has left an indelible mark on the world's architectural heritage.

Athens' prominence as a maritime power continued into the Hellenistic period and the Roman era. However, the city faced numerous invasions and occupations over the centuries, including by the Persians, Macedonians, Romans, Byzantines, and Ottomans. Each successive civilization left its mark on the city, contributing to its diverse cultural tapestry. In 1834, Athens became the capital of the newly independent Greek state, and efforts were made to restore and preserve its ancient heritage. The 19th and 20th centuries witnessed rapid urbanization and modernization, transforming Athens into a bustling metropolis.

Today, Athens stands as a vibrant capital city that beautifully blends its ancient past with the dynamics of modern life. Its rich history, world-class museums, archaeological sites, and warm hospitality continue to attract visitors from around the globe, offering them a chance to immerse themselves in the captivating story of this legendary city.

Climate in Athens

Athens experiences a Mediterranean climate, characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Here's some information about the climate in Athens:

  • Summer (June to August):
    • Summers in Athens are typically hot and dry. Temperatures often reach highs of around 30-35°C (86-95°F), and occasionally even higher.
    • The city experiences abundant sunshine during this time, with long daylight hours. It's advisable to protect yourself from the sun, stay hydrated, and seek shade during the hottest parts of the day.
    • The summer months are considered the peak tourist season, with many visitors flocking to Athens to explore its historical sites and enjoy the vibrant atmosphere.

  • Autumn (September to November):
    • Autumn in Athens is characterized by mild temperatures and decreasing rainfall. September and October are particularly pleasant, with temperatures ranging from 20-25°C (68-77°F).
    • It's a great time to visit if you prefer milder weather and want to avoid the summer crowds. The city's parks and green spaces showcase beautiful autumn foliage, adding a touch of natural beauty to the urban landscape.

Athens Aerial View Landscape

  • Winter (December to February):
    • Winter in Athens is mild compared to many other European cities, but it can still be relatively cool and rainy. Daytime temperatures average around 10-15°C (50-59°F).
    • While snowfall is rare in Athens, it's not unheard of during colder spells, particularly in the surrounding mountainous areas.
    • Winter is considered the low tourist season, which means fewer crowds and the opportunity to explore the city's attractions at a more leisurely pace. However, some archaeological sites may have shorter opening hours or be closed for maintenance during this time.

  • Spring (March to May):
    • Spring is a delightful time to visit Athens as the city comes alive with blooming flowers and pleasant temperatures. March and April tend to be relatively mild, with temperatures ranging from 15-20°C (59-68°F).
    • It's a great time to enjoy outdoor activities and explore the city's landmarks without the scorching heat of summer.
    • However, it's worth noting that spring can be a bit unpredictable in terms of rainfall, so it's advisable to pack an umbrella or rain jacket.

Archimedes and Aristotle paint fresco at Athens Greece

Athens enjoys a pleasant climate throughout the year, with warm summers and mild winters. The city's proximity to the sea helps moderate temperatures, but it's always a good idea to check the weather forecast before your trip and pack accordingly.

Tourism development in Athens

Tourism in Athens has experienced significant development over the years, making the city one of the top destinations in Europe. Here's an overview of the tourism development in Athens:

  • Historical Significance:
    • Athens' rich historical and cultural heritage, with iconic landmarks such as the Acropolis, Parthenon, and Ancient Agora, has long attracted tourists from around the world. These ancient sites provide a unique glimpse into the birthplace of democracy and classical civilization.
  • Infrastructure and Accessibility:
    • Athens has invested in developing its infrastructure to accommodate the growing number of tourists. The city is well-connected by an extensive transportation network, including an international airport, a metro system, buses, and taxis, making it easy for visitors to navigate and explore the city.

Aerial drone photo of abandoned lng tanker and small cruise liner anchored in industrialAerial drone photo of abandoned lng tanker and small cruise liner anchored in industrial

  • Modernization and Urban Renewal:
    • In recent years, Athens has undergone urban renewal projects, revitalizing neighborhoods, and improving the overall visitor experience. Areas such as Plaka, Monastiraki, and Psiri have been enhanced with pedestrianized streets, vibrant cafes, shops, and cultural spaces, creating an attractive atmosphere for both locals and tourists.
  • Cultural Events and Festivals:
    • Athens hosts a range of cultural events and festivals that showcase its vibrant arts scene. The Athens Festival, held at the Odeon of Herodes Atticus and other venues, features performances of theater, music, and dance. Additionally, events like the Athens Epidaurus Festival and Documenta contemporary art exhibition draw international visitors.
  • Museums and Cultural Institutions:
    • Athens is home to numerous world-class museums and cultural institutions. The Acropolis Museum, National Archaeological Museum, and Benaki Museum are just a few examples that offer a wealth of historical artifacts and exhibits, attracting history enthusiasts and art lovers alike.

Apollo statue, the ancient greek god of music and poetry on crystal clear blue sky background

Apollo statue, the ancient greek god of music and poetry on crystal clear blue sky background

  • Gastronomy and Culinary Tourism:
    • The city's culinary scene has gained recognition, with traditional Greek cuisine and modern interpretations drawing food enthusiasts. Athens boasts a variety of tavernas, restaurants, and food markets where visitors can savor authentic Greek flavors and indulge in a gastronomic journey.
  • Cruise Tourism:
    • Athens serves as a popular port of call for Mediterranean cruises, attracting a large number of cruise passengers who spend a day exploring the city's highlights. Piraeus, the port of Athens, has developed its infrastructure to accommodate cruise ships and provide easy access to the city center.
  • Accommodation and Hospitality:
    • Athens offers a wide range of accommodation options, from luxury hotels to boutique guesthouses and budget-friendly hostels. The city's hospitality sector has expanded to meet the demands of tourists, ensuring a comfortable and enjoyable stay.

Temple of Hephaestus in Ancient Agora, Athens, Greece. Background Removed

  • Sustainable Tourism Initiatives:
    • Athens has recognized the importance of sustainable tourism practices and has implemented initiatives to promote responsible travel. Efforts are being made to preserve the city's cultural heritage, reduce environmental impact, and support local communities.
  • Digitalization and Tourism Technology:

The tourism development in Athens has not only contributed to the city's economy but also increased its global visibility and cultural exchange. With its captivating history, modern amenities, and warm Greek hospitality, Athens continues to attract a diverse range of travelers seeking an unforgettable experience in this ancient metropolis.

Safety for tourists in Athens

Like any major city, Athens has its own considerations when it comes to safety for tourists. While Athens is generally a safe destination, it's always a good idea to take certain precautions to ensure a smooth and secure trip. Here are some tips for safety in Athens:

  • General Awareness: Stay aware of your surroundings, particularly in crowded areas, tourist sites, and public transportation. Be cautious of pickpockets, especially in crowded places like markets and metro stations. Keep an eye on your belongings and consider using a money belt or a secure bag to store your valuablesstreets of athens

Streets of Athens

  • Public Transportation: Athens has an extensive public transportation system, including the metro, buses, and trams. While these modes of transportation are generally safe, be mindful of your belongings, especially during rush hours. Avoid displaying expensive jewelry or electronic devices that may attract unwanted attention.
  • Solo Travel: If you're traveling alone, it's always wise to inform someone of your itinerary and keep them updated on your whereabouts. Stick to well-lit and populated areas, especially at night. Use licensed taxis or ride-sharing services for transportation, and avoid accepting rides from strangers.
  • Demonstrations and Protests: Athens occasionally experiences public demonstrations or protests, which are typically peaceful. However, it's advisable to stay away from such gatherings as they can sometimes turn confrontational or cause disruptions to transportation. Stay informed about the local news and follow the advice of local authorities.

  • Neighborhoods and Areas: While Athens is generally safe, some neighborhoods, such as Exarchia, may have a reputation for occasional civil unrest. It's recommended to research the areas you plan to visit and be cautious if you decide to explore these neighborhoods.
  • Emergency Services: Familiarize yourself with the local emergency contact numbers, including the general emergency number (112) and the tourist police (171). These services can assist you in case of any emergencies or if you require immediate assistance.
  • Drink and Food Safety: When dining out, choose reputable restaurants and eateries. Be cautious of food and drink hygiene, especially when consuming street food or tap water. It's generally safer to drink bottled water and ensure that any food you consume is properly cooked and prepared.
  • Travel Insurance: Prior to your trip, consider obtaining travel insurance that covers medical emergencies, trip cancellations, and lost or stolen belongings. It provides an added layer of security and peace of mind during your travels.

View from Lycabettus Hill to Acropolis of Athens.

Remember, these safety tips are not meant to discourage you from visiting Athens but rather to help you have a safe and enjoyable experience. By staying vigilant, using common sense, and respecting the local customs and laws, you can explore Athens with confidence and make the most of your trip.

The importance and necessity of hiring a local private tour guide for visiting and exploring Athens

Hiring a local private tour guide can greatly enhance your experience when visiting and exploring Athens. Here are some reasons why it can be important and beneficial:

Farmer market on a street in Athens, GreeceFarmer market on a street in Athens, Greece

  • Personalized Itinerary: A private tour guide can tailor the itinerary to your interests, preferences, and time constraints. Whether you have a specific focus on ancient history, architecture, art, or culinary delights, a local guide can customize the tour to match your desires. They can also recommend lesser-known attractions and local spots that may not be easily found in guidebooks.
  • Skip the Lines and Crowds: Athens is a popular tourist destination, and some sites, such as the Acropolis, can get crowded, especially during peak seasons. A private tour guide often has the ability to arrange skip-the-line access, allowing you to bypass long queues and make the most of your time. This can save you valuable time and ensure a smoother, hassle-free visit.
  • Local Tips and Recommendations: Local tour guides are a wealth of information about the best places to eat, shop, and experience the local culture. They can recommend authentic restaurants, local markets, and hidden gems that may not be well-known to tourists. This insider knowledge can enrich your visit and help you discover the true essence of Athens.

View to Athens city scape with AcropolisView to Athens city scape with Acropolis

While hiring a private tour guide is not a necessity, it can greatly enhance your visit to Athens by providing you with a personalized and enriching experience. Their expertise, local knowledge, and ability to tailor the tour to your preferences can make your time in Athens more enjoyable, insightful, and memorable.

Monastiraki Square in Athens Greece at night Monastiraki Square in Athens Greece at night 

Cost of Local Private Tour Guide Services in Athens

The cost of hiring a private tour guide in Athens can vary depending on several factors, including the duration of the tour, the level of expertise and qualifications of the guide, the specific itinerary or attractions included, and additional services provided. Here are some general guidelines for the cost of private tour guide services in Athens:

  • Half-Day Tours (3-4 hours): Prices for half-day private tours in Athens typically range from around €100 to €200, depending on the guide's qualifications and the specific itinerary. This type of tour usually covers the major highlights of the city, such as the Acropolis, the Ancient Agora, and the Plaka neighborhood.
  • Full-Day Tours (6-8 hours): Full-day private tours, which provide a more comprehensive exploration of Athens and may include additional sites or activities, can range from approximately €200 to €400. These tours often offer a deeper dive into Athens' historical and cultural heritage and may include visits to sites like the Temple of Olympian Zeus, the National Archaeological Museum, or the Benaki Museum.

museum with guidePrivate tour of the museum with a local personal tour guide in Athens

  • Specialized Tours and Expert Guides: If you're interested in a specialized tour, such as an architectural tour, a food tour, or a specific historical period, the cost may be higher, depending on the expertise required. Expert guides with specialized knowledge or academic backgrounds may charge higher fees.
  • Group Size and Additional Services: The cost of private tour guide services may also be influenced by the size of your group. Larger groups generally incur higher fees. Additionally, if you require transportation services, such as a private vehicle or driver, or if you have specific requests for additional services, it may affect the overall cost.

It's important to note that these are general price ranges and can vary based on individual tour guides and their level of experience. It's recommended to research and compare prices, read reviews, and communicate your specific requirements with potential tour guides to get an accurate quote for their services. Remember that hiring a private tour guide can provide valuable insights and a personalized experience, but it's essential to choose a licensed and reputable guide to ensure a high-quality and enjoyable tour.

Tours suggested by the local private tour guides in Athens

Local private tour guides in Athens can suggest a variety of tours based on your interests and preferences. Here are some popular tour options that local guides may recommend:

  • Acropolis and Ancient Athens Tour: This tour focuses on the iconic Acropolis and its surrounding archaeological sites. A guide will provide historical and cultural insights into the Parthenon, Erechtheion, Propylaea, and other ancient structures on the Acropolis Hill. The tour may also include visits to the Ancient Agora, the Temple of Hephaestus, and other nearby sites.

  • Athens City Highlights Tour: This comprehensive tour covers both ancient and modern attractions in Athens. It typically includes the Acropolis and its monuments, as well as highlights like Syntagma Square, the Parliament Building, the National Gardens, Panathenaic Stadium, and the vibrant neighborhoods of Plaka and Monastiraki.
  • Food and Culinary Tour: A food-focused tour allows you to explore Athens' vibrant culinary scene. You can visit local markets, taste traditional Greek dishes, and learn about the city's gastronomic traditions. The tour may include stops at popular food markets like Varvakios or the Central Market, as well as visits to authentic tavernas or street food vendors.
  • Museum Tours: Athens is home to several world-class museums, and a private guide can offer insights into the exhibits and artifacts. Popular museum tours include the Acropolis Museum, National Archaeological Museum, Benaki Museum, and the Museum of Cycladic Art. The guide will provide historical context and highlight the key highlights of each museum.

  • Neighborhood Exploration: Athens has diverse and vibrant neighborhoods that offer unique experiences. A guide can take you on a tour of neighborhoods like Plaka, Psiri, or Koukaki, providing insights into their history, architecture, local culture, and hidden gems. This type of tour allows you to immerse yourself in the daily life of Athenians.
  • Day Trips from Athens: If you have extra time, a private guide can organize day trips to nearby attractions. Popular options include visiting the Temple of Poseidon in Cape Sounion, exploring the ancient city of Delphi, or venturing to the stunning archaeological site of Epidaurus.

Remember that these are just a few examples, and private tour guides can tailor the itinerary based on your specific interests. Whether you're interested in history, art, food, or local culture, a private tour guide can create a customized tour that caters to your preferences and ensures a memorable experience in Athens.

Ancient Greece - Ancient Greek shipAncient Greece - Ancient Greek ship

The Acropolis monuments

The Acropolis in Athens is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most significant archaeological complexes in the world. It is home to several iconic monuments that showcase the pinnacle of ancient Greek architecture and artistry. Here are the main monuments you can explore on the Acropolis:

  • Parthenon: The Parthenon is the most famous and recognizable monument on the Acropolis. It was built between 447 and 438 BCE and served as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, the patron deity of Athens. The Parthenon is renowned for its Doric architectural style, intricate friezes, and sculptures. It is considered a symbol of ancient Greek civilization and is widely regarded as an enduring symbol of democracy and Western civilization.

Apollo marble statue, the ancient god of music and poetry, Athens, GreeceApollo marble statue, the ancient god of music and poetry, Athens, Greece

  • Erechtheion: The Erechtheion is another significant temple on the Acropolis, located on the north side. It was constructed between 421 and 406 BCE and is dedicated to both Athena and Poseidon. The most striking feature of the Erechtheion is the Porch of the Caryatids, which consists of six female statues serving as columns. These statues are renowned for their graceful poses and delicate details.
  • Propylaea: The Propylaea is the monumental gateway that served as the entrance to the Acropolis. Designed by the architect Mnesicles, it was built between 437 and 432 BCE. The Propylaea features impressive Doric columns and intricate architectural details. It served as a grand entrance that led visitors to the sacred precinct of the Acropolis.
  • Temple of Athena Nike: Situated on the right side of the Propylaea, the Temple of Athena Nike is a small temple dedicated to the goddess Athena Nike, meaning Athena Victory. Constructed around 420 BCE, it was built to commemorate Athens' military successes. The temple is known for its elegant Ionic architecture and friezes depicting various mythological scenes.


These monuments collectively represent the architectural and artistic achievements of ancient Athens. They reflect the city's reverence for its patron goddess, Athena, and its commitment to honoring the gods through grand temples and elaborate sculptures. Today, visitors can marvel at the remarkable preservation of these structures and appreciate their historical and cultural significance.

It's important to note that the Acropolis monuments have undergone restoration and conservation efforts over the years to preserve their integrity. Some original sculptures and friezes have been relocated to the Acropolis Museum for protection, while high-quality replicas have been placed on-site to provide visitors with a sense of the original grandeur.

Visiting the Acropolis allows you to step back in time and witness the extraordinary achievements of ancient Greek civilization. The harmonious blend of architectural magnificence and historical significance makes the Acropolis a must-visit destination for anyone interested in ancient history, art, and culture.

The Parthenon

The Parthenon is the most iconic and celebrated monument on the Acropolis in Athens. It is considered a masterpiece of ancient Greek architecture and a symbol of classical civilization. Here are some key details about the Parthenon:

  • Purpose and Dedication: The Parthenon was built as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, the patron deity of Athens. It was part of a larger building complex that included other structures like the Propylaea, the Erechtheion, and the Temple of Athena Nike.

  • Architectural Style: The Parthenon is an exemplary representation of Doric architecture, characterized by its sturdy and harmonious proportions. The temple was designed by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates, under the supervision of the renowned sculptor Phidias.
  • Construction and Materials: Construction of the Parthenon began in 447 BCE and was completed in 438 BCE, taking approximately nine years to finish. The temple was primarily constructed using Pentelic marble, a high-quality marble quarried from Mount Pentelicus near Athens. The use of marble contributed to the monument's aesthetic beauty and durability.
  • Dimensions and Design: The Parthenon measures approximately 69.5 meters (228 feet) long, 30.9 meters (101.4 feet) wide, and 13.5 meters (44.3 feet) high at its highest point. It features an elongated rectangular shape with eight columns on each end and seventeen columns along the sides. The temple's design incorporates subtle curves and adjustments to counteract optical illusions and create a sense of visual harmony.

  • Friezes and Sculptures: The Parthenon was adorned with exquisite sculptures that depicted various mythological and historical narratives. The most famous sculptural element is the frieze that adorned the exterior of the cella (the central chamber) of the temple. The frieze depicted the Panathenaic procession, a grand procession held in honor of the goddess Athena. Many of these sculptures, including the metopes and pediment statues, have been either lost or damaged over the centuries.
  • Elgin Marbles: The Parthenon sculptures that survived were known as the Elgin Marbles, named after Thomas Bruce, the 7th Earl of Elgin, who removed them from the temple in the early 19th century. Today, a significant portion of the Parthenon sculptures is housed in the British Museum in London, while some are displayed in the Acropolis Museum in Athens.

Despite the ravages of time, wars, and human intervention, the Parthenon continues to captivate visitors with its architectural grandeur and historical significance. It stands as a testament to the achievements of ancient Greek civilization, serving as a powerful symbol of democracy, art, and cultural legacy. Its timeless beauty and enduring legacy make it one of the world's most renowned architectural masterpieces.

The Acropolis Museum

The Acropolis Museum is a modern museum located at the foot of the Acropolis Hill in Athens, Greece. It is dedicated to showcasing and preserving the archaeological treasures and artifacts discovered on the Acropolis and its surrounding areas. Here are some key details about the Acropolis Museum:

  • Purpose and Significance: The Acropolis Museum serves as a cultural institution dedicated to the exhibition, protection, and study of the archaeological findings from the Acropolis site. Its primary purpose is to provide a proper setting for the display of the Parthenon sculptures and other significant artifacts, while also promoting education and research.
  • Architecture and Design: The museum was designed by the renowned architect Bernard Tschumi in collaboration with the Greek architect Michalis Photiadis. The architectural concept blends modern aesthetics with ancient elements, allowing for seamless integration with the surrounding environment. The museum's design includes glass panels, columns, and open spaces that offer stunning views of the Acropolis.

  • Exhibits and Collections: The Acropolis Museum houses an extensive collection of artifacts, spanning various periods of ancient Greek history. The highlight of the museum is the Parthenon Gallery, where the surviving Parthenon sculptures are displayed. The gallery features a replica of the Parthenon frieze, allowing visitors to experience the original arrangement and narrative of the sculptures.
  • Acropolis Museum Gallery: In addition to the Parthenon Gallery, the museum comprises several other galleries that showcase archaeological finds from the Acropolis and its slopes. These include the Archaic Gallery, the Propylaea Gallery, the Erechtheion Gallery, and the Gallery of the Slopes of the Acropolis. The exhibits feature marble statues, votive offerings, jewelry, and everyday objects that provide insights into ancient Athenian life.
  • Modern Technology and Interpretation: The Acropolis Museum utilizes modern technology and multimedia tools to enhance the visitor experience and provide educational information. Interactive displays, touchscreens, and 3D models offer detailed information about the artifacts and their historical context. The museum also features a virtual reality theater that provides a virtual tour of the Acropolis site.

  • Conservation and Preservation: The museum places great emphasis on the preservation and conservation of artifacts. The exhibition spaces are carefully designed to provide optimal lighting, temperature, and humidity control to protect the delicate ancient artifacts. The museum's laboratories and conservation workshops are also accessible to visitors, allowing them to witness the ongoing preservation efforts.
  • Acropolis Museum Shop and Cafe: The museum includes a gift shop where visitors can find a wide range of souvenirs, books, and replicas related to ancient Greek art and culture. There is also a café with outdoor seating, offering stunning views of the Acropolis, where visitors can relax and enjoy refreshments.

The Acropolis Museum is not only a repository of ancient treasures but also a place of cultural and educational significance. It offers visitors a unique opportunity to immerse themselves in the rich history and heritage of Athens and the Acropolis. The museum's meticulous curation, architectural splendor, and cutting-edge technology make it an essential destination for anyone interested in ancient Greek civilization.

The Temple of Olympian Zeus & Hephaistus

Certainly! The Temple of Olympian Zeus and the Temple of Hephaestus are two significant ancient Greek temples in Athens. Here are some details about each of them:

  • Temple of Olympian Zeus (Olympieion):
    • Dedication: The Temple of Olympian Zeus, also known as the Olympieion, was dedicated to the king of the gods, Zeus.
    • Size and Architecture: It is one of the largest temples in ancient Greece, featuring colossal dimensions. Originally, it had 104 columns, with a height of approximately 17 meters (56 feet) each. However, only a few of the columns remain standing today, providing a glimpse of the temple's grandeur.

  • Construction: The construction of the temple began in the 6th century BCE during the rule of Peisistratos but was completed much later by the Roman Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century CE. It took several centuries to build due to various interruptions and delays.
  • Architectural Style: The temple exhibits a combination of the Doric and Corinthian orders, reflecting the transition in architectural styles over its long construction period.
  • Historical Significance: The Temple of Olympian Zeus served as a symbol of the power and might of the Greek gods, particularly Zeus, in ancient Athens. It was an important religious site and a prominent feature of the city's landscape.

  • Temple of Hephaestus (Hephaisteion):
    • Dedication: The Temple of Hephaestus, also known as the Hephaisteion, was dedicated to the god of fire and craftsmanship, Hephaestus, and Athena Ergane, the goddess of handicrafts.
    • Preservation: The Temple of Hephaestus is one of the best-preserved ancient Greek temples. It has largely survived in its original form and offers valuable insights into classical Greek architecture.
    • Construction: The temple was built around 450 BCE during the Golden Age of Athens, under the supervision of the architect Ictinus, who was also involved in the construction of the Parthenon.
    • Architectural Style: The Temple of Hephaestus showcases the Doric order, characterized by its simplicity, sturdy columns, and harmonious proportions. Its well-preserved friezes depict scenes from Greek mythology and daily life.
    • Location: The temple is situated on the western slope of the Acropolis, within the Ancient Agora of Athens. Its strategic position provides panoramic views of the surrounding area.
    • Function: The Temple of Hephaestus served as a religious center for worship, ceremonies, and rituals dedicated to Hephaestus and Athena Ergane. It played a significant role in the religious and cultural life of ancient Athens.

  • Both the Temple of Olympian Zeus and the Temple of Hephaestus are remarkable architectural achievements that provide a glimpse into the rich cultural and religious heritage of ancient Athens. They stand as enduring symbols of Greek mythology, craftsmanship, and the reverence the Athenians held for their gods. Today, these temples attract visitors from around the world who seek to admire their grandeur and explore their historical significance.
  • The Cape Sounion and the Temple of Poseidon
  • Cape Sounion is a stunning promontory located about 69 kilometers (43 miles) southeast of Athens, Greece. It is known for its breathtaking views of the Aegean Sea and its famous ancient Greek temple, the Temple of Poseidon. Here are some details about Cape Sounion and the Temple of Poseidon:

  • Location and Geography:
    • Cape Sounion: Cape Sounion is situated at the southernmost tip of the Attica Peninsula. It is surrounded by the sparkling blue waters of the Aegean Sea and offers panoramic vistas of the Saronic Gulf.
    • Temple of Poseidon: The Temple of Poseidon is perched on a rocky cliff at Cape Sounion, overlooking the sea. Its elevated location provides a commanding view of the surrounding coastline and the nearby islands.
  • Mythological and Historical Significance:
    • Poseidon: In Greek mythology, Poseidon was the god of the sea, earthquakes, and horses. The temple was dedicated to him as a place of worship and reverence.
    • Maritime Importance: Cape Sounion held great maritime significance in ancient times, serving as a beacon for sailors and a strategic location for navigation along the Aegean Sea.

  • Construction and Architecture:
    • Date of Construction: The Temple of Poseidon was built during the Golden Age of Athens, around 440 BCE.
    • Architectural Style: The temple exemplifies the Doric order, characterized by its sturdy columns, simple design, and harmonious proportions.
    • Design and Layout: The temple was rectangular in shape, with six columns on the narrow ends (hexastyle) and thirteen columns on the long sides (peripteral). Its columns and architectural elements were crafted from local marble.

  • Features and Highlights:
    • Temple Structure: Although the Temple of Poseidon is partially ruined, its majestic columns and remnants still stand, offering a glimpse of its former grandeur.
    • Sunset Views: Cape Sounion is particularly renowned for its picturesque sunset views. Many visitors flock to the cape to witness the sun setting over the Aegean Sea, casting a golden glow on the temple and the surrounding landscape.
  • Cultural and Touristic Importance:
    • Visitor Experience: Cape Sounion and the Temple of Poseidon attract tourists who are captivated by their scenic beauty, historical significance, and mythology. Visitors can explore the temple ruins, take in the panoramic views, and learn about ancient Greek history and legends.
    • Romantic and Poetic Associations: The temple's stunning location has inspired poets and writers throughout history. Lord Byron, the famous English poet, famously carved his name on one of the columns, adding to the allure of the site.

A visit to Cape Sounion and the Temple of Poseidon offers a memorable experience, combining natural beauty, ancient history, and mythology. The temple's striking location and architectural splendor, coupled with the awe-inspiring views of the Aegean Sea, make it a must-see destination for travelers seeking to immerse themselves in the wonders of ancient Greece.

The Delphi Archaeological Site

The Delphi Archaeological Site is one of the most significant and revered ancient sites in Greece. Located on the slopes of Mount Parnassus, approximately 180 kilometers (112 miles) northwest of Athens, Delphi was considered the center of the world in ancient Greek mythology and was a major religious and cultural hub. Here are some details about the Delphi Archaeological Site:

  • Mythological Significance:
    • Oracle of Delphi: In Greek mythology, Delphi was believed to be the dwelling place of the god Apollo. The Oracle of Delphi, a priestess known as the Pythia, was believed to communicate the messages of Apollo and provide prophetic guidance to visitors
    • Historical Importance:
    • Religious and Cultural Center: Delphi was a renowned religious sanctuary and a significant cultural and political center in ancient Greece. It attracted pilgrims from all over the Mediterranean, who sought advice from the oracle and participated in religious festivals and games.
    • Panhellenic Games: Delphi hosted the Pythian Games, one of the four Panhellenic Games in ancient Greece, which included athletic competitions, musical performances, and art contests.

  • Archaeological Site Highlights:
    • Temple of Apollo: The Temple of Apollo, located at the heart of the site, was the primary religious structure in Delphi. It housed the oracle and served as the focal point for religious rituals and offerings.
    • Treasury Buildings: Various city-states and prominent individuals erected treasury buildings at Delphi to store valuable offerings and dedications to the gods. Some of these treasuries have been partially reconstructed and can still be seen today.
    • Theater: Delphi had a well-preserved ancient theater, which hosted musical and theatrical performances during religious festivals and games. It could accommodate thousands of spectators.
    • Stadium: The stadium, situated further up the hill from the main site, was where athletic competitions, including foot races, were held.

views of mainland Greece

  • Delphi Museum:
    • Artifacts: The Delphi Archaeological Museum, located near the site, houses a vast collection of artifacts discovered during excavations at Delphi. These include statues, friezes, votive offerings, and archaeological finds from the site's various buildings.
    • Charioteer of Delphi: The museum's most famous exhibit is the Charioteer of Delphi, a life-size bronze statue dating back to the 5th century BCE. It is considered one of the finest examples of ancient Greek sculpture.
  • Delphi Landscape and Scenic Views:
    • Mount Parnassus: The Delphi site is situated on the slopes of Mount Parnassus, offering breathtaking views of the surrounding mountainous landscape and the valley below.
    • Sacred Way: The Sacred Way, an ancient path that visitors followed to reach the sanctuary, provides a picturesque walk through the site, lined with ancient monuments, and offers stunning vistas.

an old column situated at the ancient Delphi site in GreeceAn old column situated at the ancient Delphi site in Greece

A visit to the Delphi Archaeological Site allows travelers to immerse themselves in the rich history, mythology, and spirituality of ancient Greece. The combination of impressive ruins, the mystical ambiance of the Oracle, and the awe-inspiring natural surroundings make Delphi a remarkable destination for those seeking a deeper understanding of ancient Greek culture and civilization.

Monastiraki Square

Monastiraki Square is a vibrant and bustling square located in the heart of Athens, Greece. It is a popular meeting point for both locals and tourists and offers a unique blend of history, shopping, dining, and cultural experiences. Here are some details about Monastiraki Square:

  • Location and Surroundings:
    • Central Location: Monastiraki Square is situated in the historic center of Athens, at the intersection of Ermou Street and Athinas Street. It is easily accessible and well-connected, making it a hub for transportation and exploration.
    • Adjacent Neighborhoods: The square is surrounded by several vibrant neighborhoods, including Monastiraki, Psirri, Plaka, and Thissio. Each neighborhood has its own distinct character, with narrow streets, traditional houses, and a lively atmosphere.

Athens, Greece. Acropolis rock and Monastiraki squareAthens, Greece. Acropolis rock and Monastiraki square

  • Historical Significance:
    • Ancient Agora: Monastiraki Square sits near the site of the ancient Agora, the bustling marketplace and civic center of ancient Athens. The remnants of this historical site, such as the Temple of Hephaestus and the Stoa of Attalos, are nearby and add to the historical significance of the area.
  • Shopping Experience:
    • Flea Market: Monastiraki Square is famous for its bustling flea market, where visitors can explore a maze of narrow streets lined with shops, boutiques, and stalls selling a variety of items. Here, you can find traditional handicrafts, antique furniture, vintage clothing, jewelry, souvenirs, and much more.
    • Monastiraki Metro Station: The square is also home to the Monastiraki Metro Station, which features an underground marketplace known as "Monastiraki Station Flea Market." This underground space offers a unique shopping experience with a wide range of shops selling clothing, accessories, and local products.

View of Monastiraki with the Parthenon in the backgroundView of Monastiraki with the Parthenon in the background

  • Landmarks and Sights:
    • Tsisdarakis Mosque: Located on the northwest side of the square, the Tsisdarakis Mosque is a striking Ottoman-era mosque that now houses the Museum of Greek Folk Art.
    • Hadrian's Library: Just a short walk from Monastiraki Square, Hadrian's Library is an ancient Roman library complex that showcases the architectural grandeur of the Roman era.
    • Monastiraki Metro Station Entrance: The entrance to the Monastiraki Metro Station is an attraction in itself. It features a unique design with archaeological exhibits and glass floors that provide a glimpse into the ancient ruins beneath.
  • Dining and Entertainment:
    • Restaurants and Cafes: Monastiraki Square and its surrounding streets are teeming with restaurants, taverns, and cafes where visitors can enjoy a variety of Greek and international cuisines. From traditional souvlaki to gourmet dining, there is something to satisfy every palate.
    • Nightlife: The area comes alive at night with numerous bars, pubs, and clubs where visitors can enjoy drinks, live music, and dance the night away.

Streets by night at Monastiraki, Athens

Monastiraki Square is a vibrant and multifaceted destination that offers a unique blend of history, culture, shopping, and entertainment. It is a must-visit location for those looking to immerse themselves in the dynamic atmosphere of Athens and experience the city's rich heritage firsthand.

The Corinth Canal

The Corinth Canal is a remarkable feat of engineering located in Greece, connecting the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf. Here are some details about the Corinth Canal:

  • Location and Geography:
    • Geographic Division: The Corinth Canal cuts through the narrow Isthmus of Corinth, a narrow strip of land that connects the Peloponnese peninsula with mainland Greece.
    • Separation of Landmasses: The canal separates the Peloponnese from the rest of mainland Greece, effectively turning the peninsula into an island.
  • Historical Significance:
    • Ancient History: The idea of constructing a canal through the Isthmus of Corinth dates back to ancient times. Both the Greeks and Romans considered such a project, but it wasn't realized due to technical limitations and the lack of modern engineering techniques.
    • Modern Construction: The construction of the Corinth Canal took place in the late 19th century, with the aim of creating a more efficient shipping route and avoiding the long journey around the Peloponnese.

The Corinth CanalThe Corinth Canal

  • Engineering Marvel:
    • Dimensions: The Corinth Canal is approximately 6.4 kilometers (4 miles) long, 23 meters (75 feet) wide at its base, and has a depth of about 8 meters (26 feet). Its narrow width and steep sides make it an impressive sight.
    • Construction Challenges: Building the canal presented significant engineering challenges due to the hard rock and unstable soil in the region. The project faced financial difficulties and took several years to complete.
    • Construction Period: The construction of the canal began in 1882 and was completed in 1893.

Passing through the Corinth Canal by yacht, Greece. The Corinth Canal connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea.Passing through the Corinth Canal by yacht, Greece. The Corinth Canal connects the Gulf of Corinth with the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea

  • Importance and Function:
    • Maritime Shortcut: The Corinth Canal serves as a crucial maritime shortcut, allowing ships to pass quickly between the Ionian and Aegean Seas, thus avoiding the long journey around the southern tip of the Peloponnese.
    • Commercial and Touristic Use: The canal is used primarily by small ships, yachts, and leisure boats. Its impressive scale and picturesque surroundings attract tourists who visit the area to witness this marvel of engineering.
  • Viewing and Crossing the Canal:
    • Spectacular Views: Visitors can enjoy breathtaking views of the canal from various vantage points, including the bridge that crosses over it. The steep walls of the canal and the sparkling blue waters below create a striking visual contrast.
    • Canal Crossings: There are occasional organized boat tours that allow visitors to experience crossing the canal firsthand. These tours provide a unique perspective and a chance to appreciate the scale and depth of the canal.

The Corinth Canal stands as a testament to human ingenuity and engineering prowess. It not only serves as an important waterway for maritime traffic but also attracts visitors who marvel at its impressive scale and the scenic beauty of the surrounding landscape. Whether viewed from above or experienced up close, the Corinth Canal offers a memorable and awe-inspiring experience for those exploring the region.

Ancient Greece - Greek warships arrive in portAncient Greece - Greek warships arrive in port

The Cruise Port in Athens

The Port of Athens, also known as the Port of Piraeus, is the largest and busiest port in Greece and serves as a major gateway for both passengers and cargo. Here is some information about the port:

  • Passenger and Cargo Traffic:
    • Passenger Traffic: The Port of Athens handles a significant volume of passenger traffic, serving as a hub for ferry services to the Greek islands and other Mediterranean destinations. It is a crucial transportation hub for both domestic and international travelers.
    • Cargo Traffic: The port also plays a vital role in facilitating the movement of goods and cargo. It serves as a major commercial port, handling imports and exports, and supporting trade activities within Greece and beyond.

  • Size and Development:
    • Size: The Port of Athens covers an extensive area, comprising multiple terminals and facilities. It has undergone significant expansion and development over the years to accommodate the growing demand for maritime transportation.
    • Historical Development: The port has a long history dating back to ancient times when it served as the primary port of Athens. Throughout the centuries, it has evolved and modernized to meet the changing needs of trade and transportation.
  • Cruise Ship Capacity:
    • Capacity: The Port of Athens has dedicated facilities to cater to the needs of cruise ships. It has multiple berths capable of accommodating large cruise vessels.
    • Cruise Terminal Facilities: The port offers modern cruise terminal facilities, including amenities such as check-in counters, luggage handling services, shops, restaurants, and tourist information centers, ensuring a comfortable experience for cruise passengers.

  • Location of the Cruise Terminal:
    • Proximity to City Center: The cruise terminal in the Port of Athens is located in close proximity to the city center of Athens. It is approximately 10 kilometers (6 miles) southwest of the city center, making it easily accessible for cruise passengers.
    • Transportation Options: Various transportation options are available to connect the cruise terminal with the city center, including taxis, buses, and the Athens Metro system. These provide convenient and efficient ways for cruise passengers to explore Athens and its attractions.

The Port of Athens, with its extensive infrastructure and strategic location, serves as a vital transportation hub for both passengers and cargo. Its capacity to handle large cruise ships, along with its proximity to the city center, makes it a convenient entry point for travelers visiting Athens and exploring the Greek islands.

Greek cuisine dishes - feta, choriatiki, halloumi, tzatziki

The unique food Greek recipes

Athens, the capital city of Greece, boasts a rich and diverse cultural heritage, which is reflected in its vibrant culture and delicious cuisine. Here are some unique aspects of Athens' culture and cuisine, along with examples and recipes:

  • Greek Cuisine:
    • Mezedes: Mezedes are small plates or appetizers that are commonly enjoyed in Greek cuisine. They are perfect for sharing and provide a diverse range of flavors. Some popular mezedes include Tzatziki (yogurt and cucumber dip), Dolmades (stuffed grape leaves), and Spanakopita (spinach and feta pastry).
  • Recipe: Tzatziki Ingredients:
    • 1 cup Greek yogurt
    • 1 cucumber, peeled and grated
    • 2 cloves garlic, minced
    • 1 tablespoon extra-virgin olive oil
    • 1 tablespoon fresh lemon juice
    • Salt and pepper to taste

  • Instructions:
    • Place the grated cucumber in a fine-mesh sieve and squeeze out excess moisture.
    • In a bowl, combine the Greek yogurt, grated cucumber, minced garlic, olive oil, and lemon juice. Mix well.
    • Season with salt and pepper to taste.
    • Refrigerate for at least an hour before serving. Enjoy with pita bread or as a dip for vegetables.
  • Souvlaki and Gyro:
    • Souvlaki and gyro are popular street foods in Athens. Souvlaki typically consists of skewered and grilled pieces of marinated meat, such as pork or chicken, served with pita bread, tzatziki sauce, and garnishes. Gyro, on the other hand, features meat, usually pork or chicken, roasted on a vertical rotisserie and served in pita bread with a variety of fillings and sauces.

Souvlaki, meat skewers, traditional greek turkish meat food on pita bread and potatoesSouvlaki, meat skewers, traditional greek turkish meat food on pita bread and potatoes

  • Filo Pastries:
    • Athens is renowned for its delectable filo pastries. Filo dough is paper-thin pastry dough that is used to create a variety of sweet and savory dishes. Examples include Spanakopita (spinach and feta pie), tyropita (cheese pie), and Baklava (a sweet pastry with layers of filo, nuts, and honey syrup).

Filo PastriesFilo Pastries

  • Recipe: Spanakopita Ingredients:
    • 1 pound fresh spinach, washed and chopped
    • 1 small onion, finely chopped
    • 2 tablespoons olive oil
    • 1 cup feta cheese, crumbled
    • 1/4 cup fresh dill, chopped
    • Salt and pepper to taste
    • 10 sheets of filo pastry
    • 1/2 cup melted butter


  • Instructions:
    • Preheat the oven to 350°F (175°C).
    • In a pan, sauté the chopped onion in olive oil until translucent. Add the spinach and cook until wilted. Remove from heat and let it cool.
    • In a bowl, mix the cooled spinach mixture, crumbled feta cheese, dill, salt, and pepper.
    • Brush a baking dish with melted butter. Layer half of the filo sheets in the dish, brushing each sheet with butter.
    • Spread the spinach and feta mixture over the filo sheets. Top with the remaining filo sheets, brushing each one with butter.
    • Bake for 30-40 minutes or until golden brown.
    • Allow it to cool slightly before slicing and serving.
  • Greek Coffee:
    • Greek coffee is a traditional method of preparing and enjoying coffee in Greece. It is strong and served in a small cup

coffee beanscoffee beans

The Guards changing ceremony next to the Parliament in Athens

The changing of the guards' ceremony that takes place next to the Parliament entrance gates in Athens holds historical significance in relation to the Hellenic Parliament and the role of the guards themselves. Here is the historical meaning of this ceremony:

  • Presidential Guard: The guards involved in the changing ceremony are members of the Presidential Guard, also known as the Evzones. The Evzones are an elite unit of the Greek Army and serve as the official ceremonial guard of the Greek state.

  • Symbol of National Pride: The changing of the guards' ceremony is a symbol of national pride and represents the honor, discipline, and bravery of Greek soldiers throughout history. It embodies the values and traditions that are deeply ingrained in Greek culture.
  • Tribute to the Unknown Soldier: The ceremony takes place at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, which is a monument honoring Greek soldiers who sacrificed their lives in various conflicts. It serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by Greek soldiers for their country.

  • Continuity of Tradition: The guards changing ceremony signifies the continuity of Greek military tradition. It is a way to pay homage to the country's past and present soldiers, highlighting their commitment to duty and the protection of the nation.
  • Precision and Discipline: The ceremony itself is highly choreographed and executed with precision. The guards perform intricate movements, including the distinctive high-kicks, while maintaining a strict military demeanor. This demonstrates the discipline, training, and professionalism of the Evzones.

  • Tourist Attraction: The guards changing ceremony has become a popular tourist attraction in Athens. Visitors from around the world gather to witness the spectacle and capture photographs of the guards in their traditional uniforms.

Overall, the guards changing ceremony next to the Parliament entrance gates in Athens is a symbolic and revered tradition that honors Greek military heritage, pays tribute to fallen soldiers, and showcases the country's national pride and discipline. It serves as a reminder of the importance of preserving and honoring Greek history and traditions.

The uniqueness of the Greek culture

Greek culture is renowned for its unique characteristics that have influenced and shaped various aspects of human civilization. Here are some key elements that make Greek culture unique:

  • Ancient Greek Legacy: Ancient Greece is often referred to as the cradle of Western civilization. The Greeks made significant contributions to philosophy, literature, art, architecture, mathematics, and science. Many concepts and ideas that originated in ancient Greece continue to be influential in contemporary society.

theater in Acropolis, Athens, Greece

Theater in Acropolis, Athens, Greece

  • Mythology and Greek Gods: Greek mythology is rich with captivating stories of gods, goddesses, heroes, and mythical creatures. These myths have had a profound impact on literature, art, and cultural references worldwide. The Greek pantheon of gods and goddesses, such as Zeus, Athena, and Aphrodite, remains an enduring part of Greek culture.
  • Democracy: Greece is recognized as the birthplace of democracy. The ancient city-state of Athens established the world's first known democracy, where citizens had the right to participate in decision-making processes. The principles of democracy continue to shape political systems globally.
  • Olympic Games: The Olympic Games originated in ancient Greece and were revived in their modern form in the late 19th century. The Games fostered a spirit of healthy competition, international cooperation, and athletic excellence. Greek culture continues to cherish the Olympic legacy and takes pride in hosting the Summer Olympics in Athens in 2004.

Palaistra (wrestling grounds), ruins of the ancient city of Olympia, GreecePalaestra (wrestling grounds), ruins of the ancient city of Olympia, Greece

  • Greek Language: The Greek language is one of the oldest recorded languages in the world, with a rich history spanning over three millennia. It has had a significant influence on the development of many other languages and continues to be spoken by millions of people today.
  • Mediterranean Cuisine: Greek cuisine is renowned for its freshness, simplicity, and emphasis on quality ingredients. The Mediterranean diet, which includes olives, feta cheese, yogurt, fresh vegetables, grilled meats, and aromatic herbs, is a cornerstone of Greek culture. Greek cuisine is not only delicious but also known for its health benefits.
  • Hospitality and Philoxenia: Greek culture places great importance on hospitality and the concept of philoxenia, which translates to "love of strangers." Greeks are known for their warm and welcoming nature, often going above and beyond to make guests feel comfortable and valued

dancing greek woman

dancing greek woman

  • Traditional Dances and Music: Greek folk dances, such as the syrtos and hasapiko, are an integral part of Greek cultural expression. These dances are often accompanied by traditional Greek music, characterized by melodic instruments like the bouzouki and the use of distinctive rhythms.

These are just a few examples of what makes Greek culture unique. The combination of ancient heritage, contributions to civilization, vibrant traditions, and warm hospitality contribute to the enduring allure of Greek culture worldwide.

Famous viewpoints of Athens

Athens, the capital city of Greece, offers several famous viewpoints that provide stunning panoramic views of the cityscape and its iconic landmarks. Here are some of the most notable viewpoints in Athens:

  • Acropolis Hill: Acropolis Hill is undoubtedly one of the most famous viewpoints in Athens. From here, you can enjoy a breathtaking view of the ancient Acropolis complex, including the Parthenon, as well as a panoramic vista of the city below.
  • Lycabettus Hill: Lycabettus Hill is the highest point in Athens and offers magnificent views from its summit. You can either hike up the hill or take a funicular to reach the top. Once there, you'll be rewarded with a sweeping view of Athens, extending all the way to the coast and the surrounding mountains.

View to Athens city scape with Acropolis

  • Philopappos Hill: Located southwest of the Acropolis, Philopappos Hill provides a fantastic vantage point overlooking the historic center of Athens. From this viewpoint, you can admire landmarks such as the Acropolis, the Ancient Agora, and the Odeon of Herodes Atticus.
  • Areopagus Hill: Situated just beside the Acropolis, Areopagus Hill offers not only a captivating view of the Acropolis itself but also a panoramic vista of Athens. This rocky outcrop provides a unique perspective on the ancient ruins and the modern city blending together.
  • Strefi Hill: Strefi Hill, located in the Exarcheia neighborhood, provides a different viewpoint that showcases a more alternative side of Athens. From here, you can enjoy a view of the city with its vibrant street art, bohemian atmosphere, and urban charm.
  • Mount Parnitha: While not within the city limits, Mount Parnitha, located to the north of Athens, offers spectacular views of the city from a higher elevation. It is a popular spot for hiking and nature lovers, providing a refreshing escape from the urban environment.

Aerial view over the ancient Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounio, Attica, GreeceAerial view over the ancient Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounio, Attica, Greece

These viewpoints offer distinct perspectives of Athens, each with its own charm and character. Whether you prefer the historical majesty of Acropolis Hill, the panoramic cityscape from Lycabettus Hill, or the alternative vibe of Strefi Hill, exploring these viewpoints allows you to appreciate the beauty and diversity of Athens from above.

Recommended Souvenirs from Athens

When visiting Athens, there are several unique souvenirs you can consider bringing back home to commemorate your trip. Here are some recommended souvenirs from Athens:

  • Olive Oil: Greece is renowned for its high-quality olive oil. Look for bottles of extra virgin olive oil produced locally in Athens or from the surrounding regions of Greece. It's a flavorful and healthy souvenir that represents Greek cuisine.

Flat lay composition with fresh rosemary

Flat lay composition with fresh rosemary

  • Handmade Ceramics: Greek ceramics are famous for their exquisite craftsmanship and distinctive designs. Look for hand-painted pottery pieces such as plates, bowls, vases, or decorative tiles featuring traditional Greek motifs, including gods, goddesses, and mythological scenes.

Ceramic ancient greek small vessel with handle isolated

  • Greek Honey: Greece is known for its delicious honey produced from a variety of floral sources. Seek out jars of local Greek honey, such as thyme or pine honey, which have unique flavors. Honey is not only a tasty treat but also has cultural significance in Greek mythology.

Aromatic honey in jar and honeycombs

  • Traditional Greek Spirits: Consider bringing back a bottle of Ouzo or Tsipouro, traditional Greek alcoholic beverages. Ouzo is an anise-flavored spirit, while Tsipouro is a strong grape-based spirit. Both are popular in Greece and make for unique souvenirs



  • Komboloi (Worry Beads): Komboloi are strands of beads that Greeks often carry and use as a stress-relieving tool. They come in various materials like amber, wood, or semi-precious stones. Choose a set that appeals to you and serves as a reminder of your time in Greece.


  • Evil Eye Talismans: The evil eye is a common symbol in Greek culture believed to protect against negative energy. Look for evil eye talismans, such as pendants, bracelets, or keychains, which come in various colors and designs. They make meaningful souvenirs or gifts for loved ones.

Traditional greek evil eye lucky charm in Santorini island, Cyclades, Greece

Traditional greek evil eye lucky charm in Santorini island, Cyclades, Greece

  • Traditional Greek Delicacies: Athens offers a variety of traditional Greek food products that make excellent souvenirs. Look for local delicacies like loukoumi (Greek delight), pasteli (sesame seed and honey bars), or spoon sweets (preserved fruits in syrup) to bring home a taste of Greece.

Sunflower greek halva in a wooden bowl on a wooden table. Rustic style. Traditional sweets

  • Traditional Greek Clothes and Accessories: Consider purchasing traditional Greek clothing items such as a fustanella (a pleated skirt worn by men) or a handmade leather sandal. You can also find beautiful scarves, jewelry, and embroidered textiles with Greek patterns and designs.



Remember to shop from reputable stores and markets to ensure the authenticity and quality of the souvenirs you purchase. These souvenirs will not only remind you of your time in Athens but also allow you to share a piece of Greek culture and heritage with others.

ancient stonesGreek ancient stones

Athens, the historic capital of Greece, is a city brimming with rich cultural heritage, captivating landmarks, and a vibrant atmosphere. Its ancient history, including the Acropolis and Parthenon, draws visitors from around the world. The city offers a diverse range of attractions, from archaeological sites like Delphi and the Temple of Olympian Zeus to the bustling streets of Monastiraki and the picturesque Cape Sounion. Athens is renowned for its warm hospitality, delicious cuisine, and unique souvenirs. Exploring the city's viewpoints, such as Acropolis Hill and Lycabettus Hill, provides stunning panoramic views. The changing of the guards ceremony at the Parliament building is a symbol of Greek military tradition. Hiring a local private tour guide enhances the experience, providing insights into the city's history and culture. Athens is a destination that seamlessly blends the past and present, offering an unforgettable journey through time and an appreciation for the birthplace of Western civilization.



Read our previous article Top shore excursions in the busiest cruise ports of Europe in summer 2023 - KLAIPEDA, LITHUANIA

Read our next article For Whom the Work of a local tour guide will be an Occupation for the Soul?

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