The wines in California are unique. In most of the major appellations in the world, each region is offering or several style or types of wine. There are areas that enable only one or maybe a few different varieties of grapes. But with California wine, it is not the case. While many wine critics and customer posit that the best wines produced in the Golden State are made these days. California winemaking has a much longer history as compared to what most people are aware of.
For wine makers, wine lovers, and wine growers, they believed and argued that California wines have come from the most interesting terroirs and soils. The terroir and soils have propelled California wine’s popularity a lot that about 90 percent of all wines in the US come from California. It is a great thing for Californians who are consuming above 20 percent of the production of their home state every year.
In California, wine producers offer more variety not only of the wine styles, but also the grapes that are being planted in the Golden State. All of the noble range of grapes is planted, including Chardonnay, Riesling, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Sauvignon Blanc, Merlot, Semillon, and Pinot Noir. However, the noble grapes are not even starting to describe the planted variety in the state of California. Grenache, Nebbiolo, Zinfandel, Mourvedre, Marssane, Sangiovese, Cabernet Franc, Petite Syrah, Roussane, and Malbec are planted in Californian vineyards too. The state is lending itself to make sweet wines from grapes that are attacked by botrytis, fortified wines, or sparkling wines in champagne.
In order to get matters simplified when thinking about Napa Valley, you will be able to do some extent and divide the region into 3 parts. There are the mountain vineyards, slopes, and hillsides, which are home of the white and red clay, volcanic soils, and sandstones. The soils in these vineyards are not as deep as what you would find in the benchland. However, they are complex and they usually provide micro and unique climates. Because California has cooler temperatures, you will be able to get lower yields, fresher, more tannic, and more concentrated wines, which are oftentimes the last area that you can do to complete your harvest.
At the exterior of the region of Napa Valley on your wine tours, you are in what is commonly referred to as the bench land. You can find more gravel, together with the alluvial soils that provide good drainage in a natural way. It suits Cabernet Sauvignon perfectly. Furthermore, the floor of the valley is consist of different clay soils and sites that are rock strewn. The vineyards here are capable of withstanding the dry and hot summer season. This will become more essential in the coming years because water is becoming more scarce. Because of the divergent range of climates and soils, together with the options made by winemakers, wine lovers also have different selections in the style of wines that they can drink.
California enjoys the weather conditions, with enough sunshine, rain, and warmth to enable the grapes to ripen perfectly. This is the reason why California wines are greatly made. Customers will be able to attain wines in the rich, ripe, sweet, and fruit forward style. They can also buy dryer, less ripe, or more traditionally styled California wines, and there are wineries that produce wines that straddle the balance between the traditional and the ripe. The state started planting vines in the late 1700’s, but before, it was only for religious purposes. The commercial inception of the wine industry has taken hold in the late 1800’s. Because of some European emigrants, the Napa Valley, together with Sonoma, got their beginnings of history during the era of Abraham Lincoln as US President.
These days the most famous grape planted in California is Chardonnay, with more than 95 thousands of acres planted. The Cabernet Sauvignon is the second most popular among the Californian grapes, with around 80 thousands of acres planted. Some other grapes that enjoy immense popularity are the white Zinfandel and merlot. Red wine continues to dominate the shade of production of California wines.
California wines indeed age on a very unique curve as compared to the European counterparts. The oak and flavors become integrated better, and the wines are softened. However, there are cases that they are very likely to stay the same, but they are losing their delicious, wonderful, and exuberant qualities.
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