Bike or walking tour in Luxembourg

If you want to enjoy Luxembourg at maximum, you must ride a bicycle or walk around to see its incredible panoramas, since there are dozens of hiking routes that will make you enjoy an unforgettable vacation full of physical activity.

This small country, located in Western Europe, is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. Despite its small size, Luxembourg has a rich history and culture and is home to a number of important institutions, including the European Union Court of Justice and the European Investment Bank. It has a little more than 500,000 inhabitants, and despite its 2,586 square kilometers (1000 sq. mi.) of surface, it has incredible places to visit, so you have to be there for at least 3 days. And if you want to enjoy the country in a relaxed mode it will be better if you hire a local private English-speaking tour guide in Luxemburg on our website or on the mobile Application PRIVATE GUIDE for Android and iOS (you can download them using the buttons at the bottom of this webpage). A local experienced tour guide will show you the city and all its hidden gems and tell you exciting stories about this unique little Duchy!

Some key historical details about The Duchy of Luxembourg

The Duchy of Luxembourg has a long and fascinating history. The origins of Luxembourg can be traced back to the Roman era when the town of Luxembourg was founded as a fortification. Over the centuries, the region changed hands multiple times, including periods of rule by the Franks, the Burgundians, and the Habsburgs. In 1354, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV granted the territory of Luxembourg to his half-brother Wenceslaus I, who became the first Duke of Luxembourg. The duchy was ruled by the House of Luxembourg until 1443 when it passed to the House of Valois-Burgundy. Luxembourg was one of the Seventeen Provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands in the 16th and 17th centuries, and it played a strategic role in European politics and warfare during this time. The town of Luxembourg was heavily fortified during this period, and it withstood several sieges.

In the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars, Luxembourg was incorporated into the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. However, in 1830, Belgium declared independence from the Netherlands, and Luxembourg became a separate, independent state under the rule of the Dutch King William I. In 1867, under pressure from Prussia, Luxembourg entered into a personal union with the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The two countries shared a monarch but had separate governments and parliaments. This arrangement lasted until the end of World War I. During World War II, Luxembourg was occupied by Nazi Germany. The country suffered significant damage and loss of life during the war, and its Jewish population was almost entirely wiped out. After the war, Luxembourg became one of the founding members of the European Coal and Steel Community, which evolved into the European Union. Today, Luxembourg is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government, and it is known for its prosperous economy and high standard of living.

Charles IV, born Wenceslaus, was a 14th-century Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia from the House of Luxembourg. He was born on May 14, 1316, in Prague, Czech Republic, and was the eldest son of John of Luxembourg and Elizabeth of Bohemia. He was the grandson of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII and the nephew of the King of France, Charles IV.
As a young man, Charles IV was sent to the French court to receive an education and learn the ways of chivalry. He later returned to Bohemia, where he was crowned King of Bohemia in 1346. He is known for his significant contributions to the development of Prague, including the construction of the famous Charles Bridge and the founding of Charles University, the first university in Central Europe.
In 1355, Charles IV was elected as the Holy Roman Emperor, succeeding his father-in-law, Emperor Louis IV. During his reign, he implemented many reforms to strengthen the power of the imperial throne and increase the autonomy of the individual territories within the empire. He also issued the famous Golden Bull of 1356, which established the rules for the election of future Holy Roman Emperors.
Charles IV was a patron of the arts and sciences and sponsored many cultural and intellectual projects. He was a skilled diplomat and managed to maintain good relations with the Papacy, despite the conflicts between the Church and the Empire at the time.
Charles IV died on November 29, 1378, in Prague, and was buried in the St. Vitus Cathedral. He is remembered as one of the most important rulers of the Holy Roman Empire and a significant figure in the history of Central Europe. 
Charles IV, who was born into the House of Luxembourg, played a significant role in the history of Luxembourg, both as a member of the ruling family and as a Holy Roman Emperor.
As a member of the House of Luxembourg, Charles IV inherited the title of Count of Luxembourg from his father, John of Luxembourg, in 1346. He held this title until his death in 1378. During his reign, he made several reforms to improve the administration and justice system in Luxembourg. He also constructed many castles, including the famous Castle of Vianden, which became a symbol of the country's rich history and cultural heritage.
As a Holy Roman Emperor, Charles IV had a direct influence on the political and economic development of Luxembourg. He strengthened the economic ties between the city of Luxembourg and the Holy Roman Empire and granted it important privileges, such as the right to mint its own coins. He also granted the city of Luxembourg a special status as a "free city," which gave it greater autonomy and independence.
Charles IV's reign was a period of relative peace and prosperity for Luxembourg, and his legacy can still be seen in the country's architecture, culture, and political institutions today.

The Grand Duke Jean Museum of Modern Art, also known as Mudam, is a contemporary art museum located in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. It was opened in 2006 and is named after the former Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Jean. The museum's collection includes works by contemporary artists from around the world, with a focus on European artists. It also features temporary exhibitions that showcase new and emerging artists, as well as established artists. The building itself is an impressive example of modern architecture, with sleek lines and large windows that offer stunning views of the surrounding city. The museum is situated in the heart of Luxembourg's historic Fort Thüngen, which dates back to the 18th century and is a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Grand Duke Jean Museum of Modern Art is a popular destination for art lovers and cultural enthusiasts from around the world. It offers a diverse range of exhibitions, educational programs, and events that make it a dynamic and engaging space for visitors of all ages.

If you decide to rent a bicycle in Luxembourg, which you can easily find everywhere, there are a dozen routes that you can do, from easy to difficult, ranging from 14 to 181 kilometers, some of them with significant ups and downs. Remember to ask your private English-speaking tour guide in Luxembourg to provide you with maps of routes and give you the necessary directions and advice. As far as hiking is concerned, the Circuit Wenzel will take you back in time, you will be surrounded by beautiful landscapes and ancient castles… Similarly, Mullerthal Trail will captivate you, there are paths that little by little will take you to forests, canyons, and rock formations, it is classified as a "leading quality trail" and one of the best in all of Europe. There are six stages that you can choose from, there are places to stay and rest in each of them, everything will depend on your physical capacity and the landscape you want to see.

Experience the breathtaking beauty of Luxembourg like never before - on a bike! Explore the winding country roads, charming villages, and lush greenery at your own pace, taking in the stunning scenery as you go. With over 600 kilometers of dedicated bike paths, Luxembourg is the perfect destination for cyclists of all levels. Whether you're a seasoned pro or a casual rider, the rolling hills and picturesque landscapes are sure to take your breath away. So why wait? Grab a bike and start your adventure today!

Natural parks of Luxembourg

Luxembourg does have several natural parks and protected areas that are worth exploring. Here are a few of them:

  • The Mullerthal Region: Also known as "Little Switzerland" this area is known for its unique rock formations, dense forests, and picturesque villages. It's a popular destination for hiking and outdoor activities.
  • The Our Nature Reserve: This protected area encompasses the upper reaches of the Our River, which forms part of the border between Luxembourg and Germany. It's a haven for wildlife, including otters, kingfishers, and rare species of bats.

  • The Haute-Sûre Natural Park: Located in the north of Luxembourg, this park is home to the country's largest reservoir and several hiking trails. It's also a great spot for fishing, kayaking, and other water sports.
  • The Ardennes Region: This hilly, forested region in the northeast of Luxembourg is known for its natural beauty and historical sites, including several medieval castles and the Battle of the Bulge Museum.

Vianden Castle

Another visit that you can make in the Duchy of Luxembourg is to Vianden Castle which is a stunning medieval fortress located in the town of Vianden, in northern Luxembourg. It is one of the most impressive castles in Europe and a popular tourist attraction. The castle dates back to the 10th century, when it was built on the site of a former Roman fortress. Over the centuries, it was expanded and renovated several times, eventually becoming the residence of the powerful Counts of Vianden. The castle's strategic location made it an important military stronghold, and it was involved in several battles and sieges throughout its history.

Today, Vianden Castle is a beautifully preserved example of medieval architecture. Visitors can explore its numerous rooms and galleries, which are filled with antique furniture, weapons, and other artifacts. Highlights include the Gothic chapel, the Knights' Hall, and the castle's impressive ramparts and towers. In addition to its historical significance, Vianden Castle also offers stunning views of the surrounding countryside. Visitors can take a cable car up to the castle from the town of Vianden, or hike up the hillside for a more challenging but rewarding experience. Vianden Castle is open to visitors year-round, with private guided tours in English and audio guides available in multiple languages. It is a must-see destination for anyone interested in medieval history, architecture, or simply enjoying a breathtaking view of the Luxembourgish countryside.

Esch-sur-Sure Castle 

Continuing with this type of tourism you will see the Esch-sur-Sure Castle, also known as Esch Castle. It is a ruined castle located in the town of Esch-sur-Sure, in western Luxembourg. The castle dates back to the 10th century and played an important role in the region's history. The castle was originally built as a strategic fortress overlooking the Sûre River. Over the centuries, it was expanded and renovated several times, eventually becoming the residence of the Counts of Esch-sur-Sure. The castle was involved in several battles and sieges throughout its history, including during the Thirty Years' War and the War of the Spanish Succession.

Unfortunately, much of the castle was destroyed in a fire in 1789, and it was never fully rebuilt. Today, only a few sections of the castle remain standing, including the 14th-century keep, parts of the curtain wall, and the remains of the castle's gatehouse. The castle's ruins offer a glimpse into the region's medieval history and offer stunning views of the surrounding countryside. Esch-sur-Sure Castle is open to visitors year-round, and admission is free. Visitors can explore the castle's ruins at their own pace and enjoy panoramic views of the town and surrounding countryside. The castle is also a popular spot for hiking and outdoor activities, with several trails leading from the town to the castle and beyond.

Robbesscheier Tourist Center

Robbesscheier Tourist Center is a very attractive place, especially if you are traveling with children. It is an open-air museum and farm located in Munshausen, in the north of Luxembourg. It offers visitors a glimpse into traditional Luxembourgish rural life and the country's agricultural heritage. The museum features a range of exhibits and activities that showcase the traditional crafts and skills of Luxembourgish farmers and artisans. Visitors can watch demonstrations of bread-making, wool-spinning, and blacksmithing, among other activities. There is also a petting zoo with farm animals and a playground for children.

Robbesscheier is also a working farm that produces a variety of organic products, including vegetables, cheese, and meat. Visitors can purchase these products at the farm shop or enjoy them in the museum's restaurant, which serves traditional Luxembourgish cuisine made with fresh, locally sourced ingredients. Throughout the year, Robbesscheier hosts a variety of events and festivals, including a Christmas market, a harvest festival, and a pumpkin festival. These events offer visitors a chance to experience traditional Luxembourgish culture and customs in a festive and welcoming atmosphere. Robbesscheier is a great destination for anyone interested in learning more about Luxembourg's rural heritage and enjoying the country's natural beauty. It's a fun and educational experience for visitors of all ages.

Wine tourism in La Moselle in Luxembourg

Luxembourg is a small but beautiful country that has a long tradition of winemaking. The Moselle Valley, which stretches along the border with Germany, is home to some of Luxembourg's best vineyards and wineries. Wine tourism is a popular activity in Luxembourg, and visitors can explore the region's vineyards, taste local wines, and learn about the country's winemaking traditions.

Some of the most popular wine tourism destinations in Luxembourg include:

  • The Moselle Wine Region: This region is home to over 50 wineries, which produce a variety of wines, including Riesling, Pinot Gris, and Pinot Noir. Visitors can take a private local guided tour in English around the vineyards, visit wineries, and taste local wines at one of the many wine cellars and tasting rooms.
  • The Wine Museum in Ehnen: This museum offers visitors a fascinating insight into the history of winemaking in Luxembourg. Exhibits include antique tools and equipment used in winemaking, as well as information about the region's grape varieties, climate, and soils.

  • The Wine Road: The Moselle Wine Road is a scenic route that winds its way through the vineyards and along the river. It's a popular destination for cycling and hiking, and visitors can stop at wineries and tasting rooms along the way.
  • Wine Festivals: Luxembourg is home to several wine festivals throughout the year, including the Grape and Wine Festival in September, which celebrates the harvest season with wine tastings, food stalls, and live music.

Wine tourism in Luxembourg offers visitors a chance to experience the country's rich cultural heritage and enjoy its beautiful scenery and delicious wines. Whether you're a wine connoisseur or simply enjoy exploring new places, a visit to Luxembourg's wine region is sure to be a memorable experience.

Private excursion to the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Luxembourg

The Cathedral of Notre Dame is a Roman Catholic church located in the heart of Luxembourg City, the capital of Luxembourg. It is one of the city's most iconic landmarks and a popular destination for visitors. Construction of the cathedral began in 1613 and was completed in 1621. It was originally built as a Jesuit church and was later elevated to the status of a cathedral in 1870. The cathedral is dedicated to Our Lady, the patron saint of Luxembourg. The architecture of the cathedral is a mix of Gothic and Renaissance styles, with a Baroque façade added in the 18th century. The interior of the cathedral is richly decorated with artwork, sculptures, and stained glass windows. One of the most notable features of the cathedral is the large stained glass window behind the altar, which depicts scenes from the life of the Virgin Mary.

The cathedral is also home to several important relics and works of art, including the famous Black Madonna, a wooden statue of the Virgin Mary that is believed to have miraculous powers. The cathedral also houses the tombs of several important figures in Luxembourg's history, including Grand Duke Jean and his wife Grand Duchess Josephine-Charlotte. Visitors to the cathedral can take a private tour with a local English-speaking tour guide or attend a mass or other religious service. The cathedral is open daily and admission is free, although donations are appreciated. The cathedral's central location in Luxembourg City makes it easily accessible by public transportation or on foot.

Place de la Constitution in Luxembourg City

Constitution Square (Place de la Constitution) is a large public square located in the heart of Luxembourg City, the capital of Luxembourg. The square is named after the Constitution of 1868, which established Luxembourg as a constitutional monarchy.

The square is known for its panoramic views of the city and is a popular destination for visitors. It is located on a plateau overlooking the Alzette River and the historic Grund district, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The centerpiece of the square is a large monument called the Gëlle Fra (Golden Lady), which was erected in 1923 to commemorate Luxembourg's fallen soldiers in World War I. The statue depicts a woman holding a laurel wreath and a patriotic shield and is made of bronze with a gold coating. The Gëlle Fra has become an important symbol of Luxembourg's national identity and is one of the most recognizable landmarks in the city. In addition to the Gëlle Fra, Constitution Square is also home to several important buildings, including the Luxembourg City Hall and the Palace of the Grand Dukes, which serves as the official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg. The square is also a popular destination for cultural events and festivals, including the annual Christmas markets.

The Adolphe Bridge in Luxembourg

The Adolphe Bridge (Pont Adolphe in French, Adolphe-Bréck in Luxembourgish) is a famous landmark in Luxembourg City, the capital of Luxembourg. It is a beautiful arch bridge that spans the Pétrusse Valley and connects the Ville Haute (upper town) and the Gare district. The bridge was built between 1900 and 1903 and was named after Grand Duke Adolphe, who reigned over Luxembourg from 1890 to 1905. It was designed by French engineer Paul Séjourné and is considered to be a masterpiece of engineering.

The Adolphe Bridge is 153 meters long and 42 meters high, making it one of the most impressive structures in the city. It features a beautiful arched design and is made of steel and stone. The bridge is supported by four pillars, each of which is adorned with a statue representing a different industry or trade. The Adolphe Bridge is not only an important landmark in Luxembourg City but also an important part of the city's transportation infrastructure. It carries both road and pedestrian traffic and is an important link between the upper and lower parts of the city. In fact, it was the only bridge that connected the two parts of the city until the construction of the Pont Grande-Duchesse Charlotte in 2018. The Adolphe Bridge is a beautiful and iconic structure that has become a symbol of Luxembourg City. It is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to the city and offers stunning views of the surrounding area.

The Castle of Bourscheid is a medieval fortress located in the northeastern part of Luxembourg. The castle dates back to the 10th century, although the current structure was built in the 14th and 15th centuries. It is one of the largest and most well-preserved castles in Luxembourg.
The castle was built on a hill overlooking the Sûre River and was strategically important for the defense of the region. Over the centuries, it served as a residence for several noble families and was used as a military stronghold during numerous wars and conflicts.
Today, the castle is open for visits. On our website or mobile Application Private Guide, you can find a local private English-speaking tour guide in Bourscheid who will introduce you to Luxembourg's rich history and cultural heritage and show you the castle which features several towers, a chapel, a courtyard, and a museum that showcases the history of the castle and the surrounding region.
Together with a local tour guide you can explore the castle's grounds and enjoy panoramic views of the surrounding countryside. The castle is also home to several cultural events throughout the year, including concerts, theater performances, and medieval festivals.
The Castle of Bourscheid is a popular destination for tourists and locals alike, and it offers a unique and memorable experience for anyone interested in history, architecture, or the natural beauty of Luxembourg.

Pétrusse Casemates 

The Pétrusse Casemates are a series of underground tunnels and galleries located in the heart of Luxembourg City. The casemates were originally part of the city's fortifications and were used to store ammunition and shelter troops during times of war. Construction of the Pétrusse Casemates began in the 17th century and continued for several centuries. The casemates were expanded and renovated numerous times, and at their peak, they covered a distance of more than 20 kilometers.

Today, visitors to the Pétrusse Casemates can explore a small portion of the tunnels on private local guided tours in English or other languages. The tours take visitors through the underground galleries and provide a glimpse into Luxembourg's military history. Along the way, visitors can see artifacts and exhibits that showcase what life was like for soldiers who lived and worked in the casemates. One of the highlights of the Pétrusse Casemates is the Musée Dräi Eechelen, which is located in a portion of the tunnels that were renovated in the 1990s. The museum features exhibits that explore the history of Luxembourg City, including the city's fortifications and military history.

Museums in Luxembourg

Luxembourg has a number of museums that offer visitors the opportunity to explore the country's history, culture, and art. Some of the most notable museums in Luxembourg include:

  • Luxembourg City History Museum - This museum is located in the heart of Luxembourg City and explores the city's history, from its Roman roots to the present day.
  • National Museum of History and Art - This museum is located in the Fishmarket area of Luxembourg City and showcases Luxembourg's cultural and artistic heritage.
  • Musée Dräi Eechelen - This museum is located in the Pétrusse Casemates and explores the history of Luxembourg City's fortifications and military history.
  • Museum of Modern Art Grand-Duc Jean (MUDAM) - This museum is located in the Kirchberg district of Luxembourg City and features contemporary art from around the world.

Villa Vauban is an art museum located in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg. The museum features a collection of European art from the 17th to the 19th centuries, with a focus on paintings and sculptures from the Baroque and Rococo periods. The museum is housed in a beautiful mansion that was built in the 19th century and has been restored and expanded in recent years. The mansion was originally built for the industrialist Jean-Pierre Freyss, and it was later used as a school and a cultural center before being converted into a museum. Inside, the museum features work by artists such as Peter Paul Rubens, Claude Lorrain, and Jean-Baptiste Greuze, as well as Luxembourgish artists like Jean-Baptiste Fresez and Dominique Lang. The museum also has a collection of decorative arts, including furniture, ceramics, and silverware. One of the highlights of the museum is its beautiful gardens, which were designed in the French style and offer a peaceful retreat in the heart of the city. The gardens feature sculptures, fountains, and a variety of trees and flowers, making it a popular spot for locals and tourists alike.

  • National Museum of Natural History - This museum is located in the Grund district of Luxembourg City and offers visitors the chance to explore the country's natural history and biodiversity.
  • Villa Vauban - This museum is located in the city center and showcases a collection of art from the 17th to 19th centuries.
  • Military Museum Diekirch - This museum is located in the town of Diekirch and explores the history of the Battle of the Bulge and World War II.

These are just a few of the many museums that are available for visitors to explore in Luxembourg. Each museum offers a unique perspective on the country's history and culture and is well worth a visit.

Luxembourg Philharmonic Orchestra

When you feel tired after a busy day on the bicycle or hiking and wine tasting you can go directly to the concert of The Luxembourg Philharmonic Orchestra (Orchestre Philharmonique du Luxembourg in French) which is a highly regarded symphony orchestra based in Luxembourg City. It is one of the country's most important cultural institutions and has gained a reputation as one of the leading orchestras in Europe. The orchestra was founded in 1933 and has since become known for its high-quality performances and innovative programming. It has been led by a number of renowned conductors, including Leopold Stokowski, Louis de Froment, and Bramwell Tovey, among others. One of the factors that set the Luxembourg Philharmonic Orchestra apart is its commitment to contemporary music. The orchestra regularly performs works by living composers and has premiered many new works over the years. It also collaborates with a wide range of artists and organizations, including dancers, visual artists, and film directors.

The Luxembourg Philharmonic Orchestra is also known for its extensive touring schedule, having performed in many of the world's most prestigious concert halls, including the Berlin Philharmonic, the Vienna Konzerthaus, and the Royal Albert Hall in London, among others. The orchestra has also recorded extensively and has won several awards for its recordings. The Luxembourg Philharmonic Orchestra is famous for its commitment to excellence and innovation in the world of classical music. Its performances are highly regarded by critics and audiences alike, and it continues to play an important role in the cultural life of Luxembourg and beyond.

Nestled in the heart of Europe, the small but mighty country of Luxembourg is a treasure trove of history, culture, and natural beauty. From its fairy-tale castles and charming villages to its vibrant cities and rolling countryside, Luxembourg offers something for every type of traveler. Explore the ancient ramparts of the old city of Luxembourg, marvel at the stunning architecture of the European Union institutions, or take a stroll through the picturesque Ardennes forest. Sample delicious local wines and cuisine, wander through quaint markets, or shop for high-end fashion and luxury goods. Whatever your interests, Luxembourg is sure to captivate you with its unique blend of old-world charm and modern sophistication. Come discover this hidden gem for yourself and experience the magic of Luxembourg!


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